Ecological farming to increase food security
A group of farmers in disaster-prone Dadu district are practicing on ecological farming to increase food security by adopting conservation of vanished seed varieties in their areas. This community-led conservation program is a way to promote organic and indigenous seeds.
The move creates awareness among local farmers to avoid unnecessary expenditure of machinery, chemical input like fertilizer and pesticides, hybrid seeds, and insists to apply environment-friendly practices in crop cultivation.
The motivational factor behind it is to bring back the local crop varieties, which find the local weather more favorable and give more yields without chemical inputs. The idea was circulated after the devastation's caused by frequent floods and emerging threats of water scarcity.
Initially 25 villages have been selected in the district, where small-scale farmers are motivated to sow indigenous seeds, which had vanished three generations ago and had been replaced by hybrid seed crops after the green revolution in 1960.
These farmers while practicing learned about the negative impacts of chemical inputs, which not only caused soil infertility, but also poisoned water sources and killed birds and other earth-friendly insects. On the basis of carrying out this exercise, they believe that local seeds are not only more productive but also are heat and dryness resistant.
These variety of indigenous wheat seed are climate resilient and consume less water. The farmers contradicted the claim by certain multinational companies about the local seeds, which they have replaced by their own modified seeds, and claim to have made experiments with six varieties of wheat in their family lands that proved successfully that the crops can sustain without chemical inputs, fertilizer, pesticides and grow on only one-time water.